A controlled and confident horizontal rotation (e.g. with a slow count to three) would earn a student an achieved. Practice in a range of moving water environments (such as currents or waves) would further develop this skill.
A horizontal to vertical rotation would be marked as achieved when the student can move from a horizontal position on either their front or back to a vertical position. An example of this is if a student moves from propelling themselves forward to a treading water position.
The final orientation skill – vertical rotation – is achieved when the student can spin vertically (for example turn while treading water to look for a boat). A vertical rotation is not a somersault.
Example skills were filmed in a 1m deep pool.
For more useful video links, see our multimedia page
Everyone’s body is different. Encourage students to experiment with hand, head and leg movements to control where the body moves to.