Propulsion - Moving Through the Water

Skills

  • Move 15m non-stop, using any form of propulsion
  • Move through the water in environments of all kinds (currents, waves, depth – in situ or simulated)
  • Move 50m and/or 3 minutes non-stop, confidently and competently – using any form of propulsion on their side, front, back, or a mixture
  • Move 100m and/or 5 minutes non-stop, confidently and competently – using any form of propulsion on their side, front, back, or a mixture

Requirements 

Students should:

  • Understand that propulsion can be any form of movement through the water as long they move competently, confidently, and without struggling or stopping, for the required time or distance (or both)

Some more information

When a student can move 15 metres confidently as outlined in the first skill above, they would be assessed as achieved. If a student is still learning to move but has not yet reached the distance, they would be assessed as not yet achieved. A student can further develop their skills in this area by learning new strokes.

The second propulsion skill is about learning to move in a variety of different environments, such as real or simulated waves and currents and cold and deep water (appropriate to the child’s age). A student has achieved this skill when they have moved in three or more environments. If a student has been in just two environments, they would be assessed as not yet achieved.

For the 50m/three minute and 100m/five minute propulsion skills, a student would be awarded an achieved when they can reach the distance and/or timeframe using a confident single stroke or moving easily between strokes. Students who have achieved these skills could learn new strokes and attempt greater distances. 

Please note that the 50m/3 minute and 100m/5 minute propulsion skills are ‘starred’ skills (at least one ‘starred’ skill must be included in the final testing of a student’s water skills competence).

Supporting video

Note:
Example skills were filmed in a 1m deep pool.
For more useful video links, see our multimedia page


Top Tip

To simulate river currents, place a hose in the water and put the tap on full.

Encourage students to try the skills on their backs; this keeps their faces out of the water. It is also a more energy efficient propulsion method.

 

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